Biology Courses
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Last modified: December 24, 2014 10:55:46.

Course Number: BIOL 101
Course Name: Biology 1
Credit Hours: 3
Pre-requisite: none
Semester Offered: Spring - Fall
Course Content:
Biology 101 is the first introductory course for biology majors and minors covering some important biological concepts, including biochemistry, cell structure and function, photosynthesis, cellular respiration, cellular reproduction, genetics, and biotechnology. The laboratory introduces basic laboratory skills such as safety, microscopic procedure, measurement, and reinforces concepts discussed in lecture. There are two hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.

Course Number:  BIOL 102
Course Name: Biology 2
Credit Hours: 3
Pre-requisite: BIOL 101
Semester Offered: Spring - Fall
Course Content:
This course is designed to enable the students achieving a good knowledge about the biodiversity and principles of classification of living organisms which started from the most microscopic (micro-) organisms like Bacteria and Protozoa passing through Algae and Fungi up to Plants and Animals. The course covers the biological interactions between living organisms including the beneficial relations like symbiosis up to the most harmful one such as parasitism.

Course Number:  BIOL 211
Course Name: Cell Biology
Credit Hours: 3
Pre-requisite: BIOL 101
Semester Offered: Spring
Course Content:
Cell theory cellular types. Molecular basis of cell membranes. Intercellular junctions. Receptors. Cell structure and functions. Nucleus, Nucleolus, RER, Ribosomes, SER.Golgi Complex. Secretory granules. Lysosmes. Phagosomes. Pinocytosis. Exocytosis. Endocytosis. Peroxisomes. Proten synthesis . Mitochondria. Plastids. Cytoskeleton. Celluar motility. Microfilaments.

Course Number:  BIOL  212
Course Name: Genetics
Credit Hours: 3
Pre-requisite: BIOL 101
Semester Offered: Spring
Course Content:
Chromosomes and genes  Mendelian inheritance. Modification of Mendelian inheritance. Gene interaction. Inheritance and environment . Sex determination. Sex linkage. Sex limited and sex influenced characters. Linkage and crossing over. Chromosome mapping. Mutation. Cytoplasmic inheritance. Quantitative inheritance. Gene action. Genetic engineering.

Course Number: BIOL 221
Course Name: Principles of Ecology
Credit Hours: 3
Pre-requisite: BIOL 102
Semester Offered: Fall-Spring
Course Content:
Principles of ecosystems. Energy flow in ecological systems. Food chains and food webs. Production and ecological efficiency. Development and evolution of the ecosystem. Natural ecosystems. Biogeochemical cycles. Limiting factors and tolerance level. Population ecology. Community ecology. Biological interrelationships. Overview of the ecology of Qatar.

Course Number: BIOL 241
Course Name: Microbiology
Credit Hours: 3
Pre-requisite:  BIOL 101
Semester Offered: Spring- Fall
Course Content:
Aspects of general microbiology. The scope of microbiology and germ theory. Classification of microorganisms. Cellular composition of eukaryotes and prokaryotes. Nutrition and metabolism. Culture media and microorganisms. Growth and control of microorganisms. Applied aspects of microorganisms in food and environment. Microbes and disease.

Course Number: BIOL 311
Course Name: Molecularb Biology
Credit Hours: 3
Pre-requisite:  BIOL 101
Semester Offered: Spring-Fall
Course Content:
Molecular Biology seeks to help the student understand the molecular basis of life processes. Emphasis will be placed upon Nucliec Acids as the genetic material,  Chemical and Physical Properties of Nucliec Acids, Central Dogma of Molecular Biology, DNA replication, Gene Expression: Transcription and Translation, Types of RNA, RNA Processing. The Genetic Code, more stress on comparison between Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes in all these aspects and processes.

Course Number: BIOL 351
Course Name: Plant anatomy and physiology
Credit Hours: 3
Pre-requisite: CHEM 351 & BIOL 102
Semester Offered: Spring
Course Content:
Principles of plant physiology. Energy flow through plant systems. Enzymes. Water relations. Water transport. Mineral nutrition. Photosynthesis. Respiration. Metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids. Growth hormone functions.

Course Number: BIOL 362
Course Name: Animal anatomy & physiology
Credit Hours: 3
Pre-requisite: CHEM 351 & BIOL 102
Semester Offered: Fall
Course Content:
The course provides students with fundamental knowledge of functional anatomy and physiology.  Focus is being on the organization of the mammalian body; in a comprehensive way to cover the physiology of organs and systems with emphasis on the underlying biophysical and biochemical principles of organ function. The laboratory sessions introduce physiological testing and data analysis skills that apply to the concepts and topics covered in lectures.

Course Number: BIOL 312
Course Name: Histology
Credit Hours: 3
Pre-requisite: BIOL 101
Semester Offered: Fall
Course Content:
Types of tissue, epithelial, connective, muscular and nervous tissues. Structure and basic function of organs and systems, circulatory, respiratory, urinary, immune and reproductive systems. Digestive system and its glands. Nervous system and sense organs.

Course Number:  BIOL 321
Course Name: Principles of Environmental Biology
Credit Hours: 3
Pre-requisite:  BIOL 221
Semester Offered: Spring- Fall
Course Content:
Environmental Biology deals with interactions between biotic and physical components of the environment. The field of study lies between ecology and environmental science. Since the former deals with the study of nature while the latter concentrates on the impact of human activities on the environment, Environmental Biology creates link between the two: While conceptual ecology is highlighted, inevitable human presences and influence is taken into consideration. The approach is thus more restoration classic the old-fashioned conservational outlook. 

Course Number: BIOL  322
Course Name: Desert Biology
Credit Hours: 3
Pre-requisite: BIOL 221
Semester Offered: Fall
Course Content:
World desert formations. Desert environments. Limiting physical factors. Desert ecosystems. Structure and function. Diversity of desert flora, fauna, and soil organisms. Plant morphological and physiological adaptations. Animal morphological, physiological and behavioral adaptations. Living strategies of desert organisms. The problem of desertification and its control Overview of the desert wild life in Qatar.

Course Number: BIOL 344
Course Name: General Parasitology
Credit Hours: 3
Pre-requisite: BIOL 102
Semester Offered: Fall
Course Content:
This course covers the scope of parasitology, particularly the basic concepts related to hosts, specificity, parasite populations and their interactions, infections and diseases. It covers also the types and the taxonomy of animal parasites and host-parasite relationship. In addition, Zoonose Biology,  Pathogenecity and epideminology of representatives of animal parasites and their relationships with man, animals and plants are treated.. Finally, the general principles of control methods of parasitic disease and their limitations are explained.

Course Number: BIOL 412
Course Name:  Genetic Engineering and DNA Technology
Credit Hours: 3
Pre-requisite: BIOL 311
Semester Offered: Fall
Course Content:
This course focuses on how biotechnology is revolutionizing  medicine, agriculture and biomedical, pharmaceutical, environmental and food industries. Specific topics such as recombinant DNA technology, plant genetic engineering, gene therapy, forensic DNA analysis, patents and technology transfer related to the human genome project will be discussed. Projects include DNA isolation and purification, gel electrophoresis, and prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell transfection.

Course Number:  BIOL 421
Course Name: Eco -Physiology
Credit Hours: 3
Pre-requisite: BIOL  351 - BIOL  362
Semester Offered: Spring
Course Content:
The environment of living organisms. Extreme Environments. Morphological, structural, physiological, and biochemical responses to temperature, water, light, drought, salinity. Mechanisms of adaptation and resistance.

Course Number:  BIOL  422
Course Name: Management and Conservation of Environment
Credit Hours: 3
Pre-requisite: BIOL 221
Semester Offered: Spring
Course Content:
Concepts of conservation of natural resources. Case studies: Endangered species, fragile communities, ecosystems, marine and terrestrial habitats. Agricultural and industrial pollution. Land contamination and deterioration. Reclamation, restoration, management and practical conservation. Environmental monitoring. Policies and economics of natural resources. Environmental legislation. Conservation and management in Qatar.

Course Number:  BIOL 442
Course Name:  Biotechnology
Credit Hours: 3
Pre-requisite:  BIOL 311
Semester Offered: Spring
Course Content:
The concept of biotechnology. Recent advances and trends in biotechnology. The principles of genetic engineering and strain selection and maintenance. Separation of bio-production. Tissue culture and plant culture techniques. Animal cell cultivation systems. Fermentation technology using microorganisms. Biotechnology processing of pharmaceuticals, chemicals and biological factors. The  ethical aspects of biotechnology and society.  Animal, plant , medical and environmental biotechnology application. Biotechnology potential and activities in Qatar.

Course Number: BIOL 444
Course Name: Immunology
Credit Hours: 3
Pre-requisite: 1066215-0/BIOL 362
Semester Offered: Spring
Course Content:
Basic concepts. Innate immunity: determinants and mechanisms. Acquired immunity, types, antigens and antibodies. Immune response.  Immunoglobulins. Monoclonal antibodies. Anatomical, cellular and genetic basis of immunity. Complement proteins and their role in immunity. Antigen, antibody reactions. Immunopathology. Immunodefeciency, hypersensitivity and auto immunity. Histocompatability and organ transplantation. Immunogenetics.

Course Number: BIOL 451
Course Name: Cell and Tissue Culture
Credit Hours: 3
Pre-requisite: BIOL 362 & BIOL 351
Semester Offered: Spring
Course Content:
Cell and tissue culture are major tools for biotechnology applications, testing and improvement. These are an essential step in the production of genetically modified organisms(GMOs) which have received much national and international attention in recent years, interfacing with society in ways that few would have imagined a decade ago. As the scientific capabilities to engineer plants, animals, insects, and microorganisms for applications that could pose great benefits to society grow rapidly, so do the number of potential challenges and concerns. Many issues associated with cell and tissue culture pervade other areas of scientific pursuit, and there seem to be more commonalities than differences. In light of this, this course concentrates on the different uses of tissue culture both in animal and plant studies; the establishment and requirements of both plant tissue culture lab and animal tissue culture lab. The basic concepts of totipotency, organized growth, growth regulators types and functions, and the differentfactors that affect the success of the culture were rather emphasized in the theoretical part. In the laboratory part the establishment, maintenance and subculture of different types of plant cell / tissue culture were a major task. Beside this the effect of different growth regulators types, concentrations and combinations were also experimental.

Course Number: BIOL  497
Course Name: Research Project
Credit Hours: 3
Pre-requisite: student should complete 90 CH & departmental approval
Semester Offered: Fall-Spring
Course Content:
Research Project