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College of Health Sciences Organizes Thesis Oral Defenses for Seven Candidates of Master of Public Health | Qatar University

College of Health Sciences Organizes Thesis Oral Defenses for Seven Candidates of Master of Public Health

2022-06-14 00:00:00.0

The Department of Public Health, at the College of Health Sciences, has organized thesis oral defenses for seven candidates of Master of Public Health on the 9th and 10th of May 2022.\

In addition to faculty examiners from the department, examinations committee consisted of examiners from the College of Health Sciences, College of Pharmacy, College of Medicine, College of Dental Medicine, College of Arts and Sciences, Social and Economic Survey Research Institute, Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar, as well as external examiners form UK, Australia, Lebanon and UAE.

Under the supervision of Dr. Karam Adawi, the MPH student Hana Abu khadijah presented her thesis entitled “Usability Testing of the International Cardiac Rehabilitation Registry”. This was a mixed-methods study using the Think-Aloud method to elicit feedback on the ICRR while end-users were entering patient data, followed by semi-structured interviews. Results of this study proved that ICRR is relevant, user-friendly with high end-user satisfaction, and showed high perceived usefulness to support CR service quality.

Malik Smadi, under the supervision of Dr. Mujahed Shraim and co-supervisor Dr. Ghadir Al Jayyousi delivered his thesis “Depression Screening Rates and Patterns of Management in Primary Care in Qatar: A Cross-Sectional Study”. The results of his study showed that depression screening rates were 6 per 1000 people in 2017 and in 2019. The study concluded that more research is needed to understand factors associated with screening for depression and related management in primary care and potential underlying mechanisms.

The MPH student Rwedah Anwar Ali, under the supervision of Dr. Mohammed Fasihul Alam, and co-supervisor Dr. Susu Zughaier presented her thesis “The Association between Prior Antibiotic Exposure and Antibiotic Resistant Urinary Tract Infection in Primary Care: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis”. The study aimed to update the literature in terms of quantifying the association between recent antibiotics exposure and subsequent resistance to urinary tract infections in primary care setting. It found that the overall pooled OR of the association between the resistance developed by patients with UTI and recent antibiotics exposure in primary care was 2.289 [95% CI; 2.006-2.612]. The study concluded that Efforts on implementing stewardship programs that focus on prescribing behaviors in primary care can play a significant role in reducing antibiotic exposure and thus reducing the likelihood of resistance developed against urinary tract infection treatments.

Under the supervision of Dr. Karam Adawi, and co-supervisors Prof. Laith Abu-Raddad and Dr. Gheyath Nasrallah, student Rasha Abu-El-Ruz delivered her thesis “Epidemiology of Chlamydia trachomatis in Latin America and the Caribbean: Systematic Review, Meta-Analyses, and Meta-Regressions”. The study aimed to provide a comprehensive epidemiological assessment of CT in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). The study concluded that LAC is burdened by CT infection. Public health response in LAC region is required to effectively tackle CT infection.

Dr. Hanan Abdul Rahim supervised the MPH student Nadeen Batta who presented her thesis “Fluoride Varnish Application as an Oral Health Intervention in Well-baby Clinic for Children Aged 1-5 Years in Qatar University Health Center: A Feasibility Study”. The study aimed to test the feasibility of providing Fluoride Varnish (FV) application for children who are at risk of dental caries during their regular vaccination visits. This study concluded that integrating the FV application as a simple, cost-effective strategy for the primary prevention of dental caries in children less than five years old during their regular vaccination visits in a primary health care setting in Qatar is feasible.

Under the supervision of Prof. Manar Elhassan and co-supervisor Prof. Ahmed Awaisu, the MPH student Dalia Ahmed who presented her thesis “Prevalence of Polypharmacy and Inappropriate Prescribing among Patients Exposed to Polypharmacy and Associated Factors in Elderly Patients with Cardiac Conditions in Qatar”. This study aimed to conduct a systematic review on the prevalence of polypharmacy in the MENA region and to determine the prevalence of polypharmacy and PIP and its associated factors among elderly patients with CVDs during hospital discharge at the Heart Hospital in Qatar. The study concluded that polypharmacy and PIP are major issues in the MENA region and Qatar, emphasizing the need for further research on the feasibility of interventions that minimize PIP especially among elderly with CVDs and an increasing number of medications.

Finally, the MPH student Khadiga Abdulrashid, supervised by Dr. Mohammed Fasihul Alam and co-supervisors Prof. Manar Elhassan and Prof. Tim Harris, delivered her thesis “: The Effectiveness, Health Care Resource Utilization and Cost-effectiveness of Intravenous Paracetamol Versus Alternative Analgesics Used Among Patients with Acute Pain in Emergency Departments: Systematic Reviews and A Meta-Analysis”. This study evaluated the level of analgesia provided by IVP alone as compared to NSAIDs, opioids alone, or in combination in adults attending the ED with acute pain. Additionally, it assessed systematic economic evaluation evidence to determine health care resource utilization and costs associated with drug administration for the management of acute pain.